28th February 2013 | Dave Bookless | 5 comments

Will my rabbit go to heaven?

Andy, Jacqui and Fluffy – Surrey, 1942

It seems a simple question, childlike even, but actually it leads into all sorts of theological, cultural and ecological minefields. Will God’s new creation include other animals, and if so… will my rabbit / cat / dog / snake be there? Will I know it personally? Will we be able to communicate? How will there be enough space? And should we keep pets anyway? Are humans domesticating animals which God created to be wild? What about cats killing billions of garden birds? Shouldn’t our focus be on protecting wild creatures rather than worrying about domestic pets? No wonder alarm bells rang amongst my colleagues when I suggested blogging on this subject!

Yet, pets matter to millions, particularly those in urban societies who may have little contact with wild nature. If you live in Singapore, Sydney, Cincinnati or Sydenham your pet may be your sole connection with the non-human world. Sometimes they become surrogates for human relationships, spoiled children who never answer back, but at their best they teach us what it means to relate to and care for species that are totally other, yet which reciprocate something very special. Studies suggest pets can not only be companions to the blind or deaf, but may alleviate depression, comfort the lonely, facilitate psychotherapy, rehabilitate criminals, lower blood pressure, and ease the pain of aging.

The Bible gives very little detail about the after-life, and my musings are exploratory rather than ‘the official A Rocha view’. Yet, I believe we can be clear that God’s new heaven and new earth will be both physical and full of living creatures of all kinds. The totality of earth’s creatures, including humans, are ‘very good’ (Genesis 1:31), God’s saving covenant at the time of Noah includes all living creatures upon the earth (Genesis 6-9) and, because of Jesus’ defeat of death and sin, all creation is waiting to be set free (Romans 8:19-22). The four living creatures worshipping Jesus in glory in Revelation 4:6-11 represent one human, one wild animal, one bird, and – significantly for this discussion – one domesticated animal, the none-too-cuddly Ox.

Moreover, the Old Testament prophets consistently foresaw a time when there would be a new harmony between wild and domesticated animals and humanity: wolves and lambs, leopards and goats, lions and calves, bears and cattle, snakes and children in peaceful coexistence (Isaiah 11:6-9; 65:17-25). The ‘shalom’ of God’s peaceable Kingdom is about restored relationship with God, each other, and also the whole creation. Hosea 2:18 sums it up: ‘In that day I will make a covenant for them with the beasts of the field, the birds in the sky and the creatures that move along the ground. Bow and sword and battle I will abolish from the land, so that all may lie down in safety.’

So, where does that leave Fluffy the rabbit? We can’t be sure from the Bible alone, whether each animal we’ve ever known will be in the renewed creation. Just imagine how many rabbits there would be! So to say, ‘You’ll see your Fluffy again’, is going beyond scripture. However, to say, ‘There will be animals in heaven and our relationship with animals then will be closer than now’, is, I believe, biblically justified.

Think of it like this. Jesus said there will be no marriage in heaven (Matthew 22:30), despite marriage being God’s chosen context for our closest human relationships, because heaven has something even better in store. The uniqueness of marriage will be superseded by an intimacy of relationship we cannot yet imagine. And perhaps, just perhaps, those biblical pointers of peace between all living creatures suggest we will be able to communicate with and understand other creatures too. We won’t own pets in heaven, because all species will have their independent existence as creatures of God, and presumably be able to communicate with each other as well as worshipping God together. I don’t know about you, but I just can’t wait to speak fluent Puffin and Dog!

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Categories: Questions
Tags: future pets
About Dave Bookless

Dave is Director of Theology for A Rocha International, where he works to embed creation care into international Christian organizations, theological institutions, and mission movements. His past roles with A Rocha include being an International Trustee and the co-founder of A Rocha UK (with his wife Anne). He has a PhD from Cambridge University on biblical theology and biodiversity conservation, and has contributed to many books and articles, including Planetwise, available in six languages. Born and raised in India, Dave has a love for Indian food, Indian culture and Indian Christianity. Dave is also a qualified bird-ringer and loves birding, islands, running and mountains.

View all posts by Dave Bookless (73)

5 responses to “Will my rabbit go to heaven?”

  1. Joanna Moores says:

    I have come to love any conversation about Heaven and the reality we have to look forward to there 🙂 The presence of animals there I think reminds us of a restored earth as well as a restored humanity….. the home Jesus said He would prepare for us.

  2. John Hereward says:

    I agree with everything Dave says. I think the important factor is relationship – we like to think of our loving relationships lasting beyond the grave and I am sure this is true, but the most significant relationship in the new creation will be one of worship of the living God. I don’t know if I share Dave’s desire to learn to speak Penguin but I am looking forward to learning from other creatures what it means to worship our creator with our entire being

  3. Nigel Taylor says:

    I agree with you Dave. I am also looking forward to seeing in the renewed earth (not different earth) all the 9600 or so species of birds I will never see in this life, which leads to interesting speculation about dodos and passenger pigeons (and dinosaurs?)…but the long and short is I cannot imagine a world as beautiful and varied as this one not being even more so in the next life, seeing as how creatively abundant God has been in the one we are currently messing up. Of course this doesn’t answer the question about individual creatures, and personal pets, but I’m happy to leave that to God. As for languages, I’m glad you picked up CS Lewis’s interest in communicating with animals, as shown in his Narnia chronicles and follows the possibility biblically from the example of Balaam’s donkey.

  4. Dave Bookless says:

    Yes indeed, I preached on Balaam’s donkey a few years ago. We tend to make fun of Donkeys (“stupid ass” … Shrek … South African ‘beef’-burgers …), but the Bible has some extraordinary details about them. Here’s a brief quiz:

    1. Which animal killed a thousand people in a day? (Judges 15:15-17)
    2. To which animal does God give “the rolling plains and wide-open spaces”? (Job 39:5-7)
    3. Which animal is included in two of the 10 Commandments, along with people and oxen? (Exodus 20:17 & 23:12)
    4. Which overloaded animal should you help, even if it belongs to your enemy? (Exodus 23:5)
    5. Which animal is less dumb than its owner? (Numbers 22)
    6. Which animal do all four Gospels record Jesus choosing to carry him into Jerusalem? (Matthew 21:1-11; Mark 11:1-11; Luke 19:28-40; John 12:12-19)
    7. Which animal traditionally bears the mark of the cross on its back?

    Of course the answer to all the questions is the same … God’s wonderful creature, the Donkey (or for Q.1 its jawbone, and Q.2 the Onager or Wild Ass). God loves to use what we consider lowly, pointless or demeaning to speak to and dethrone our human pride. Maybe we should consider an annual ‘Donkey Sunday’ in our churches 🙂 … just imagine the liturgies!!!

  5. Peter says:

    Good article. Some evangelical Christian sites are very negative about animals in heaven, so I am delighted that you take a more positive and understanding stance. By the way, the great Billy Graham write on his website, “Heaven will be a place of perfect happiness for us—and if we need animals around us to make our happiness complete, then you can be sure God will have them there.” So you are in good company!

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